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What is AI and ML?

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AI and ML

Advanced technologies such as AI and ML have allowed computers to mimic human beings and learn from data without being programmed explicitly. This has changed several sectors by facilitating complex automation, predictive analytics, and intelligent decision making. The following is a brief discussion of AI and ML with their use cases, different types and programming languages. Artificial Intelligence (AI): The computerized intellect (AI) refers to replication of human thinking in machines that can do things which normally require human intellect such as speech recognition, decision making or problem solving. AI systems are capable of data analysis, input adaptation, and performance improvement over time. Use-case scenarios
  1. Chatbots, virtual assistants using natural language processing (NLP).
  2. Computer vision for self-driving cars, object recognition, picture and video analysis.
  3. Product recommendations and personalized content by recommender systems.
  4. Sentiment analysis is used in examining consumer feedback or social media sentiment.
  5. Detect suspicious activity about cyber security and fraud.
  6. AI in medicine for drug discovery and diagnosis.
Programming Languages:Python, Java, C++, and R are few of the broadly used programming languages for AI applications. Machine Learning (ML): ML is one of the branch of AI and it involve creating models and algorithms that help computers learn from experiences and become goo at doing things without them being explicitly programmed. Machine learning algorithms look at data to identify trends and make predictions or decisions based on data. Use-case scenarios
  1. Predicting demand and sales with the help of predictive analytics.
  2. Detecting financial transaction fraud using anomaly detection.
  3. Virtual Assistants for image recognition and medical diagnoses for speech recognition.
  4. Drones as well as autonomous vehicles that are self-driven.
  5. Targeted advertising so that the right advertisements can be shown to specific customer segments.
  6. Augmented Reality/Virtual Reality applications.
Types of Machine Learning:
  • Supervised Learning:┬áinvolves predictive or classification learning using labeled data.
  • Unsupervised Learning: This is a technique where unlabeled data is used to discover trends or cluster similar data points together.
  • Reinforcement Learning: This involves acquiring the skills to achieve an objective in an environment through trial and error.
In conclusion, AI and ML are driving the technology that fuels applications that seemed out of science fiction. They are changing industries and improving lives as well as offering vast opportunities for innovation and impact.
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